Interpersonal—relational psychoanalysts emphasize the notion that it is impossible to be neutral.
This is exemplified in his postulate of infantile sexuality. Mythological Archetypal Criticism Mythological criticism evaluates content for instinctual and inmost emotions in human nature which are influenced by certain events, happenings and character situations.
But psychological material will be expressed indirectly, disguised, or encoded as in dreams through principles such as "symbolism" the repressed object represented in disguise"condensation" several thoughts or persons represented in a single imageand "displacement" anxiety located onto another image by means of association.
They are most simply expressed by Horace in his Ars Poetica: Object relations theory[ edit ] Object relations theory attempts to explain the ups and downs of human relationships through a study of how internal representations of the self and others are organized.
I do not think this is an impossible task, or even, perhaps, a very difficult one. Again, we often read both the defenses and the fantasies back to the authors, and the result has been distinguished biographies by Leon EdelJustin Kaplan, and Cynthia Griffin Wolff, to name but a few of the many good psychobiographers.
Freud formulated his second psychological theory— which hypothesises that the unconscious has or is a "primary process" consisting of symbolic and condensed thoughts, and a "secondary process" of logical, conscious thoughts.
This "topographic theory" is still popular in much of Europe, although it has fallen out of favour in much of North America. For Lacanthe "woman" can either accept the phallic symbolic as an object or incarnate a lack in the symbolic dimension that informs the structure of the human subject.
Although Freud retained this theory throughout his life he largely replaced it with the Structural theory. The id is present at birth as the repository of basic instincts, which Freud called "Triebe" "drives": They point at an obsession just as dreams can do.
Hartmann s pointed out that there may be delays or deficits in such functions. Anxiety of influence[ edit ] 'The American critic Harold Bloom has adopted the Freudian notion of the Oedipus Complex to his study of relationships of influence between poets This type of criticism examines how sexual identity influences the creation and reception of literary works.
What is the purpose of psychoanalytic literary criticism. Each patient will respond to that event out of his or her personal history and character. A third possible object of analysis, after the author and the fictional protagonist, is the readership. A form of literary interpretation that employs the terms of psychoanalysis (the unconscious, repression, the Oedipus complex, etc.) in order to illuminate aspects of literature in its connection with conflicting psychological states.
Home › Literary Criticism › Freudian Psychoanalysis. Freudian Psychoanalysis The relationship between psychoanalysis and literary criticism which spans much of the 20th century is fundamentally concerned with the articulation of sexuality in language. (perhaps by a similar sounding word or by some form of symbolic substitutions and.
Psychoanalytic literary criticism is literary criticism or literary theory which, in method, concept, or form, is influenced by the tradition of psychoanalysis begun by Sigmund Freud. Psychoanalytic reading has been practiced since the early development of psychoanalysis itself, and has developed into a heterogeneous interpretive tradition.
Psychoanalytic criticism is literary criticism grounded in psychoanalytic theory of the founder of psychoanalysis, Sigmund Freud (). Practitioners attempt to psychoanalyze the author’s unconscious desires, the reader’s responses, and the characters in the work.
Types of Literary Criticism: Since ancient times, readers have debated and critiqued literature from a variety of perspectives. Some have looked at a story or play from a moral stance, considering how values are represented in a text.
Another critic might evaluate a poem in terms of its form.
Psychoanalysis plays an important role in literary criticism, the approach to analyze a character's "whats and hows" of action without an aesthetic concern and to find a reason for their thoughts can be beneficial to the way readers interpret a literary work, and for authors to create distinguished characters based upon their concern.Psychoanalysis as a form of literary criticism